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Bhandardara Wilson Dam
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Bhandardara History

Unpack an era!

Bhandardara has a glorious past, which stretches to the prehistoric period. The reference of nearby hills, temples, caves & people also comes into Hindu mythology.


Bhandardara Dam History

If you ask a tourist about Bhandardara first thing he would tell you will be about the dam. During the colonial administration economic progress took place of which the most important was the Wilson Dam also popularly known as Bhandardara Dam because of the area where it is based.

84 years ago to provide irrigation to the Ahmednagar region the British constructed a dam across Pravara River which commenced in 1910 and completed in 1926; at 270 feet high above river bed and 278 feet above lowest foundation it was the highest dam in Asia when it was built, for Rs. 84,14,188/-

Sir Leslie Orme Wilson
Sir Leslie Orme Wilson
 
Sir Leslie Orme Wilson

Opened by his Excellency Lt. Col. the Right Hon’ble Sir Leslie Orme Wilson, Governor of Bombay, on 10th December 1926, the dam was named after him, “Wilson Dam” to honor his contribution.

The site for this dam was discovered in 1903 by Mr. Arthur Hill, the chief engineer for irrigation and secretary to government, Bombay. In recognition of the valuable services rendered by him to irrigation in the Bombay Presidency the lake was named after him, “Lake Arthur Hill” also now popularly known as Bhandardara Lake.

It was because of their far sightedness and vital contribution that today Bhandardara is developing not only as a tourist destination or a huge water source to Ahmednagar district but also Hydro electricity is generated from the water released from dam. “Bhandardara Hydroelectric Project Phase I (12 M Watt)”

 
Ancient Period

According to Puranas (ancient indian literature),it was believed that Shri Agastya Rishi meditated here continuously, surviving only on water and air. Pleased with his display of tremendous devotion The Lord came down to earth and blessed him with a stream of Ganga River - Amrit Vahini (Pravara River) which is now flowing through the hillocks of Bhandardara with its majestic pomp and also has a spiritual value.

Legend has it that Shri Agastya Rishi gave Lord Rama a miraculous arrow when He visited the Rishi along with Laxman and Sita . The arrow was used by Lord Rama to kill Ravana and rescue Sita from the devil.

 
Today Agastya’s Ashram is in Akole Taluka, near Bhandardara on the bank of Amritvahini (Pravara) river where he formed the first human settlement.

Truly this region boasts of ancient references in Indian mythology. 

 

Eighteenth century painting of a Maratha
Soldier by François Balthazar Solvyns

Moghals, Marathas & British Raj

Bhandardara is situated in the Ahmednagar district where the lands have been gained by conquest, cession, and exchange. It was dominated by the Nizams and Moghals followed by half a century of Maratha rule. Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle personally invaded Ahmednagar in 1657 and in 1665.

Being surrounded by high hills of Sahyadri from all four sides Bhandardara always had a geographical advantage to the rulers of surrounding areas as it would make an outsider’s entry difficult into the region. Mount Kalsubai the highest peak (5400 ft.) of Maharashtra was extensively used by the Maratha warriors as an observation post to watch the enemies.
 

Ratangad, an ancient Fort captured by Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle remained one of his favorite. About 1763 Ratangad was among the other forts taken by the insurgent Javji.  In 1818 it was the head-quarters of a district of five mahals. The forts of Alang and Kulang were subordinate to it. In 1820 Ratangad was occupied by irregulars under the command of Captain Gordon.

A reference must also be made to the revolutionary movement. As this region was ruled over by the tribal chieftains a strong resistance was put up by the natives of the western hills who harassed the British troops intermittently. The British Army firmly took possession in 1817 & remained thereafter till independence.
An artist impression of British army taking
posession of Ahmednagar in 1817
 
History of Bhandardara
 
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Bhandardara History, Bhandardara Dam History, Sir Leslie Orme Wilson, History of Bhandardara, Wilson Dam History