Bio-geographers have long recognized the distinctive plant and animal communities of this region. Many of these faunal and floral elements are not found anywhere else except in northeastern parts.
Bhandardara region comes on the highest plateau of Western Ghat. The average height of the hills is 1400mts. that makes the forest deep and evergreen on the western side. At some places floor remains wet throughout the year. The vegetation type is southern moist mixed deciduous. The main tree species that are seen in this area are Hirda, Jambhul, Anjan, katesawar, sadda, karawi, plas, kawadar, pandha and Lokhandi.
In monsoon when rain hits its first chord, wild orchids awake with the violet pink colour on the tree trunks. The heavenly sight to see these blossoms is Bhandardara dam wall.
When rain gets settled, micro flowers start sprouting out of the wetland. Pink, violet, white, yellow, blue, all sorts of colours turn the jungle bed into a carpet. In mid august Sonki flowers (golden) sway by the wind and cover the mountain range and if you’re lucky Karwi shows its violet pink face after seven years. It remains for two to three months.
The plants in this forest can survive the torrential monsoon, chilly winter and hot summer. There is no dearth of herbal plants. Some old people from the tribe know the exact implementation of most of the plants as a medicine. Experts says around 1000 species of plants can be found here in this region. Out of that most famous are Hirda, wawding, gulchai, amarkand, hanumanwel etc…
People form the jungle say every 15 days you will find some different flower. The blossom of seasonal flowers comes and goes and Bhandardara remains colourful just by the play of these wild flowers
Here you will see one of the most adorable creatures, the wild and giant squirrel living in peace. Known as Ratufa Indica you can sight it if you maintain the calm throughout your trail early in the morning.
Kalasubai Harischandragad Wildlife Sanctuary situated at Akole Taluka, near Bhandardara is a dwelling place of various species of animals that include reptiles, mammals as well as the birds. Some of them found here are Palm civet, Wolf, Jackal, Barking Deer, Leopard, Mongoose, Jungle cat, Wild Boar, Hyena, Bats, Porcupine, etc. The reptile group includes Fan-Throated Lizard, Monitor Lizard, Turtles, snakes and many more.
Among the birds are the common hill and grass land birds. One can also spot water birds such as White Necked Storks, Black Ibis, Herons, Egrets, Cormorants, Water hens.
The life in micro goes unnoticed but if you spend some time on grassland you will be bowled over by the variety in Bhandardara of beetles and other small colourful insects, butterflies. Blue Mormon is also the main attraction of this forest. At some interior place you can see troop of butterflies from one place to another.Their colourful migration looks heavenly.
Kalsubai Harishchandragad Wildlife Sanctuary area spreads from Kalsubai to Harishchandragad in Akole. Ratandag range, Konkan Kada region and the valley of Alang, Madan & Kulang forts also hosts a wide variety of flora and fauna.